Sexual Health news - Sexual Health and Behavior

Cefixime may not be effective in treating gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is one sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can be difficult to detect, but treated once it's correctly identified by a medical professional. Often, experts administer antibiotics to patients who test positive for the STD. However, new research has emerged that shows that the oral antibiotic, cefixime, may not be as effective as once thought.

Daily RX reported that cefixime may not work all of the time to treat gonorrhea. Last August, the U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that it will no longer recommend the use of this drug as a primary form of treatment for the STD. Researchers conducted a study from 2010 to 2011 to find out just how ineffective cefixime may be in the fight against gonorrhea, and the results were surprising.

Experts looked at 291 people who were diagnosed with gonorrhea. After being given cefixime to treat the disease,13 of the individuals still tested positively for the STD. Four out of 76 people were also found to still have traces of the gonorrhea bacteria in their urethra after using the medication, bringing its effectiveness into question.

"In light of the increases in cefixime minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) among [people infected with] gonorrhea across North America, this study offers preliminary clinical data to support the recent CDC recommendations that cefixime is no longer optimal first-line therapy for the successful treatment of gonorrhea," the researchers stated, according to the news source.

As the CDC states, gonorrhea can create infertility in women who allow the disease to linger. For this reason, it's important for individuals to be tested by their primary care physician for the disease and other STDs if they have been engaging in unprotected sex. Condoms can prevent the spreading of STDs within the population when used during intercourse.