Are couples with one disabled partner more likely to get divorced?
Existing research about whether couples are more likely to get divorced as a result of disability is inconclusive. Some of the variation in the research may have to do with the fact that different disabilities may cause different kinds of stress in a marriage. For example, a spinal chord injury (SCI) could cause paralysis in part of the body, whereas a head injury can drastically change the personality of the victim.
Divorce may be more likely soon after a disability-causing injury. In the journalSpinal Cord, a study reviewed the existing literature on divorce rates in couples in which one partner had a SCI. That review found that divorce rates were anywhere between 8-48% of couples…but it’s hard to learn from findings with such a large spread.
However, the same research also indicates that divorce is more likely soon after injury occurs – the so-called “high risk” time period – but the divorce rate correlates to the rest of the (uninjured) population past this time period.
A different study published in The Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy explored sexuality in 15 women with paraplegia...
Other information we have on divorce and disability comes from relatively small surveys, mostly of people with SCI. They differ in their conclusions about the effects of disability on marriage and partnership, and don’t show a clear relationship between disability and divorce.
Again, I appreciate your smart questions about divorce and people with disabilities. Hopefully in future, the answers to your questions will be more clear, relevant and useful.
Dr. Owens is an AASECT-certified sexuality counselor. Her areas of expertise include the medical aspects of human sexuality and sexual problems, as well as the impact of STDs ⎼ and other diseases, illnesses and disabilities ⎼ on sexuality. Dr. Owens was educated at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark.