Reproductive health

Infertility

Infertility is the difficulty or inability to conceive. Primary infertility is defined when a couple is unable to get pregnant after at least a year of "trying", or having sex without birth control. Secondary infertility is when a couple has been pregnant at least once but is unable to conceive again. Approximately 15% of heterosexual couples attempting their first pregnancy are unable to conceive. It is important in the evaluation of infertility to consider the couple as a unit, rather than placing the blame or responsibility on one partner. Infertility can come as a result of factors inside the female body, inside the male body, or inside both.

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